Before getting an iguana, there are several things you need to seriously learn about, and lighting in iguana cage is one of these. Do you know how to supply their basic lighting needs?
You either are looking to get the bulbs to light up for a new iguana enclosure, or you might be having trouble finding the right lighting bulbs to keep your iguana warm, stay healthy in a large habitat. A variety of lights in Iguana cage are needed, some for heat, some for white light and some for UVB light.
#1 Visible light
Apart from heat production, Iguanas also need incandescent bulbs to be provided visible white light. Iguanas are actually quite fast and agile on land, they need white light to look for food and move around. You can use both fluorescent and incandescent light fixtures at the same time to provide visible light to all areas of the enclosure.
#2 UVB light
One of the most important aspects when keeping Iguanas is provide them enough amount of UVB in enclosure. They need a certain spectrum of ultraviolet to synthesize vitamin D3, which is needed to help metabolize calcium in the Iguana’s diet. This is because Iguanas cannot process dietary D3 themselves.
There are reptile specific UVB bulbs on the market, and those are the ones you should be looking out for. linear fluorescent bulbs, Mercury vapor bulbs, and compact fluorescent bulbs are best UVB light for Iguanas that you should consider. There are also some types of lights that producing only UVB, and lights which produce a combination of UVB and white lights are available.
Be careful when shopping for a UVB bulb. Many brands commit that their bulbs are full spectrum, but they may do not produce UVB. Remember that fish/aquarium and plant grow lights, either incandescent or fluorescent, do not produce UVB. You need the UVB light that specific designed for reptiles.
Like other animal, Iguanas also need a day and night cycle in enclosure. As a basic guide, Iguanas need 14 hours of light and 10 hours of darkness. When it is the night time, you will need to turn of the white light and UVB light source to give the iguana a light-dark cycle. A ceramic heat bulbs with no light emitted may need to be added.
Red-eared sliders are some of the most popular pet turtles in the world. Due to their easy going character and how they greedily beg for food, whether you are beginners and veterans in turtle-keeping hobby, you can easy domesticat these turtles.
However, you still need to do your research on these animals and find out how to best care for them. Apart from best food for red eared slider, you also should know about what food to avoid when feeding them, ensure they are satisfied under your care.
Red eared sliders eat almost anything you offer them include bread, they can eat bread but it does not mean it is good for them. Bread is not a healthy food for your turtle. Turtles don’t have certain enzymes to breakdown bread. So, they cannot digest bread.
Not only that, bread contains a lot of unnecessary additions, therefore it may be harmful to turtles. The nutrients in bread seem to no velua for optimal growth and overall health of the red eared silder.
#2 Dairy Products
Like bread, red eared slider cannot digest dairy products as they lack certain enzymes to break down those nutrients. Do not feed cheese, yogurt, milk, butter or other dairy products to your turtles at any stage of their lives, feeding with those may cause severe indigestion.
#3 Raw meat, fish or chicken
The biggest risk here is that raw meat may contain intestinal parasites, raw meat even can be dangerous if they have pesticides on them. This is why you never feed raw chicken or meat due to the risk of bacterial contamination to both you and your captive turtler.
One more reasons here is that these meat are too high in protein for turtles. Sometimes, you can offer them small portions of cooked fish or chicken as an occasional treat. The protein contents can also contribute to kidney disease in your turtle.
Red eared slider are known to consume fruits in the wild, some experts even will recommend fresh fruits such as bananas, berries, apples, and melon for sliders. However, you are better off avoiding giving fruits to your turtle regularly as fruit isn’t a main staple in the red-eared sliders diet and it may cause diarrhea. Fruits are okay to eat, but limit it to very small quantities as a special treat.
As a red eared slider lover, I know that you may want to look for new types of foods to feed our pets. Apart from their common food and commercial pallet, there is a question has always intrigued us the most: What human food can I feed my red eared slider turtle?
Turtles are omnivores which means they can eat pretty much everything. But, before feeding your pets with any human food, you have to ensure that they are safe to eat the same food we consume on a daily basis. It is our responsibility to provide them best red eared slider food.
You may realize that your slider love to eat fish. Fish are their primary source of quality protein and they also have numerous advantages as they contain omega 3 fatty acids, they are rich in calcium and phosphorus, and importantly they are a good source of minerals.
So treating your pet turtle to a small fish snack every now and then is a good idea. growing turtles need the vitamins and nutrients that can be found in feeder fish livers. However, you also have to careful with what kind of fish you are feeding your slider.
Some type of fish that contain high level of fats can lead to vitamin E deficiency in turtles. Some safest type of fish to give your turtles are bluegills, crappies, and bass.
Fruit is absolutely good food to feed your slider as it helps improve slider’s overall health and reduce the risk of disease. Fruit is not only rich of vitamins and minerals, but they are also high in fiber, as well. You just need to ensure always washing the fruits before you give it to the turtle and chopping fruit before feeding them.
If you offer any fruit at all, limit it to very small quantities as a special treat. This is because fruit isn’t a natural staple in the red-eared sliders diet and it may cause diarrhea.
Meat is rich of protein, which is an essential nutrient, highly necessary especially for younger sliders. Even though meat is good for turtles, there are also disadvantages from meat. Feeding too much meat and over-protein can post a rick of metabolic bone disease for slider. It’s caused by too much protein and not enough calcium in the turtle diet. The protein contents can also contribute to kidney disease in your turtle. Use meat as very occasional treats in a feeding tank.
Vegetables is one of the staple food in red eared slider diet. Especially for adult slider, where vegetables should make a majority of their diet. There are not lots of rules when feeding vegetables, you just should not give them vegetables that don’t have nutritional value.
Many people think that undergravel filters are old, outdated, a nuisance to maintain, but if you are just started your keeping fish hobby and you are not ready to spent a lot of money for the aquarium filer, then undergravel filter is a good ideal.
I am owing a 40 gallon aquarium and my undergravel filters have always been good to me. There are some pros and cons of this filter but if you are looking for the best 40 gallon aquarium filter, this post will help you decide whether to use a UGF as a basic setup in your tank or not.
#1 What does a undergravel filter do?
A substantial layer of gravel can act as a mechanical and biological filter media in aquarium set-ups called undergravel filters. UGF is a plate type filter that will pull the water down through the substrate and trap any particles, debris in the water passes through it. A UGF is run by an air pump and air stones, or some types can be used with a powerhead.
#2 Can you use undergravel filter for your 40 gallons tank?
UGF do not really effective but you can totally use it for your 40 gallons tank. UGF work just fine in under 55 gallons tank if you do not want to use bulky, unsightly filters and your aquarium how ugly.
The other reason that make me using UGF for my 40 gallons tank is that it includes no moving parts, simple to install and operate even if you do not have any experience. Simply place the filter grid on the bottom of the tank, put on the substrate, and you’re basically done.
Not only that, no moving part that means it is quiet, The only noise that you will hear with an undergravel filter is the quiet vibration of the air pump
#3 Disadvantages of UGF
UGF is hard to maintain, and it require to be clean frequently. If a UGF is not maintained properly, it will become the good place for the accumulation of detritus and other organic matter, which in turn contributes to a build-up of high nitrate levels.
Other proplems from UGF underneath the filter plate can be the condition for the growth of unwanted bad types of bacteria that may contribute to poor water quality in the long run
There is the trouble for every horse owner when summer is coming is the horse files irritate and distract your horses and your family. The bits of these flies are very painful.
And while the commercial fly repellents are sold on the market may contain chemicals that smell harsh and even cause irritation to your skin, you have to look for a best horse fly repellent for humans that is healthier more natural solution. The horseflies hate the fragrance of certain natural oils, so you can create a repellent for you and your pet base on some essential oils.
#1 The recipe with apple cider vinegar
You will need:
Apple cider vinegar
10 drops tea tree oil
15 drops lavender essential oil
20 drops vegetable glycerin
To get start, you will need an empty spray bottle. Fill the spray bottle 2/3 with Apple cider vinegar. And then fill the rest with water and other ingredients. The disadvantage if that this recipe may smell harsh due to vinegar but it do a great job.
#2 Rub on homemade horse fly repellent for humans
Instead of spray, you also can build the rub on recipe. The rub on method even can brings more effective and last for longer than spray horse fly repellent.
You will need:
A small bottle
Carrier oil (you should choose the oil that is light on your skin and not too greasy such as carrier oil sweet almond oil or avocado oil)
10-20 drops of preferred essential oils
Adding 2 teaspoon of carrier oil into a bottle. Add in 10-20 drops of your preferred essential oil. Shake the bottle well before you rub on your skin. This recipe also can helps nourish your skin.
#3 Horse fly spray recipe with Eucalyptus oil
Ingredients: 2 cups white vinegar, 1 Tablespoon Eucalyptus oil, 1 cup water.
Add these ingredients in the spray bottle. Ensure to sake this mixture well before every use.
This mixture can keep the horse fly far away from you for about maximum 45’-1 hours. This recipe includes only 3 ingredients that are all natural and also easy to find.
#4 Prevention tips against horse flies
You can use the mixture of dish soap and vinegar spray to kill horse flies. Dish soap is very effective against horse flies. You can rest your mind that this mixture is totally safe for both you and your horses.
You will need an empty spray bottle, the add in to it 4 tablespoons of dish soap, 2 cups of white vinegar and 1 cup of warm water. Shaking well and spray it on horse flies or the area that have much of flies.
The protein skimmer plays a vital role in the overall health of the aquarium and the water condition. Protein skimmer can keep the water clean, reduce nitrates, phosphates, algae, and circulate water.
If you want a skimmer that does not mess with the aesthetic of your aquarium, then hang on back protein skimmer can be the ideal option for you.
The capacity of a HOB protein skimmer will determine how big of an aquarium that it can handle for. This is also the most important factor that you should check first if you want the HOB protein skimmer to work as expected.
Eshopps is a small-sized HOB skimmer designed for an aquarium up to 75 gallons. Aqua Euro is the protein skimmer with a larger capacity that can handle up to 200 gallons of water. It seems to be overkill for small home aquariums.
Choosing the HOB protein skimmer that is designed to work with your tank size to ensure the best result.
#2 Small enough to fit with your space
One more important aspect when it comes to the best protein skimmers is the size of the devices. If you get the HOB protein skimmer that is too big for your space, there is a big chance that you will have to find the other place to move your aquarium.
Both Eshopps and Aqua Euro skimmers are designed with only 3 in diameter. That means they require only 3 inches and a half-inch between the tank and the wall.
Aqua Euro measures 3W x 8L x 18H inch, these dimensions are relatively small in comparison with its capacity. The footprint of the Eshoos is just 7 x 6 inches. With this small size, you can easily install is even if you do not have much room for maneuverability.
Before buying the protein skimmer, measuring the space that you plan to reserve in your aquarium for this device and make sure that the skimmer that you choose will not larger than this room.
It is obvious that the main job of the HOB protein skimmer is for removing all the harmful organic materials in your aquarium. Eshopps skimmer comes with a high-quality Sicce water pump, which is located under the unit outside the tank.
Due to this design, the heat won’t be transfer to the water and increase the water temperature. It also includes the collection cup with a respectable size and be able to remove for easy to clean.
Aqua Euro Skimmer includes bubble plate diffuser increases efficiency. It is also offers a high-quality needle wheel pump. The only drawback of this HOB protein skimmer is that there is might a slight bit of noise for the first few days of using, But this noise will subside eventually.
One of the most considered elements on ball python enclosure environment is the substrate. The ball python comfort will depend heavily on the material of its substrate. However, there are some factors that should be looking for when finding the appreciate bedding for your ball python.
This post is our two picks for the best substrate for ball pythons: Zoo Med Aspen Snake Bedding VS Repti-Chip.
#1 All natural and safe
The first factor that should be considered when it comes to the best ball python substrate is all-natural and non-toxic materials. Any material might harm your pets or cause irritation to skin and eyes for them will need to be removed.
Zoo Med Aspen not only all-natural but also has a fine texture that safe for your pets. There is the problem that can come from aspen bedding is that the chips are large that may cause the digestion issues if your pet swallowed.
However, Zoo Med Aspen has overcome this shortcoming, it offers much smaller chips, which safe for your pets if they happen to ingest. But this thing also should be avoided.
Repti-chip is made of quite large chips. You should always careful when feeding your ball pythons on this substrate since it could cause digestive issues.
#2 Maintains humidity
Ball python needs a warm and humid environment. So the best bedding for ball python should retain humidity and does not forget to mist the cage to increase moisture.
Repti-chip is great at promotes the right level of humidity. Moreover, this product is anti-bacterium. That means you will not concerned about mold growing on the substrate.
Zoo MedAspen absorbs moisture very well. However, if the aspen is left damp for a long time and does not be maintained in the proper way, it will grow mold.
#3 Absorbent materials
The other important aspect of the substrate is to absorb liquid waste of your ball python.
Aspen can be considered as the most absorbent among all the substrate types. It is also has a natural woody scent that keeps the tank clean and fresh smelling.
Repti-chip is also the product that has been known as does a great job of not only absorbing liquids waste but also smells as well.
It will be easier for your ball python to adjust their new environment in an enclosure if you provide them the comfortable bedding.
Luckily, choosing the best bedding for pall python is not difficult since almost any type of bedding available on the pet store can work fine for them.
However, if you are really concerned about their comfort or if you want to use the natural bedding for your ball python, there are also some considerations you should overlook.
#1 Easy to clean
In order to help your pall python live a long life and stay healthy, you have to keep them in a clean cage.
Due to the snake feces and urine, you will need to clean or remove the bedding frequently. Therefore, the best substrate bedding ball pythons are what relatively easy to clean.
You are recommended to choose the light-colored bedding. This will help you easy to notice the feces and wet areas. There are also some types of bedding that help break down waste and make it very easy to clean,
Besides, the bedding that has odor-controlling properties that will keep the smell fresh in the cage will always better to use.
However, you should remove the dirty spots in the cage and at least once per month clean, wipe, and disinfect the cage.
#2 Non-toxic and natural
There are no materials bedding that will better for ball python than all-natural bedding. The best ball python substrate should not contains any chemicals that cause harm to your ball python.
Some bedding also contains fine particles or lots of dust, which can cause irritation to the skin and eyes of your pets.
Bedding such as cat litter or paper towels might have artificial fragrances that will need to avoid since they can cause respiratory issues for your ball python.
#3 Retain moisture well
This is one of the most important factors when you are choosing bedding for pall python. They require high levels of humidity especially when they are in the shedding process.
Generally, pall python will need the humidity levels from 55% to 60%, and humidity levels will need to increase to 80% when they shedding their skin. The porous bedding will better at retaining moisture.
However, too much moisture in ball bedding python is not a good thing. If their skin is always moist, it can lead to the risk of infected since wet bedding is the good conditions for the growth of bacteria and fungi.
There are some bedding that works great at absorbing moisture but not too wet such as coconut fiber, cypress mulch.
Although leopard geckos are one of the easiest reptiles to care for, keeping leopard geckos in captivity can be a challenge for every beginner. In order to keep them stay healthy and happy, you have to provide the proper environment in enclosure.
These things below are leopard gecko supplies list that will help you recreate the leopard gecko natural habitat.
#1 Leopard gecko cage
It is obvious that the cage is one of the most important leopard gecko supplies that you should purchase on. Unlike crested gecko, leopard geckos more prefer to live on the ground than in the tress.
They are not too interested in branches or climb. Therefore, they will need a horizontal cage.
You should give your leopard gecko at least 10 gallons tank. If you keep a couple of leopard geckos, this tank would be at least 15 gallons.
#2 Leopard gecko substrate
The best substrate for leopard geckos should not contain anything can cause irritation to their skin and eyes. It is better to be easy cleaning and replacing.
There are some materials that you should avoid to use for leopard geckos are sand, cedar, pine, hardwood chips, gravel, cat litter, sawdust, etc. It is recommended to use special clay, artificial turf, paper towel, and newspaper as leopard gecko substrate.
The accessories that you place in their cage can encourage them to do their natural habitats such as climb and exercise. Leopard geckos would like to hind in the shelter place during the daytime.
Live plants, fake plants, hide boxes, overlapping rocks are some things you can give them as a place to hide and sleep.
#4 Leopard gecko temperature and lighting
Leopard geckos are nocturnal animals. Therefore, it is important to set up the day and night cycle in their captivity. During the day, the temperature in the leopard geckos cage should be maintained between 80-85 degrees F. Nighttime temperature should be around 70 degrees F.
In the summer, your geckos will need to receive 14 hours of daylight and 10 hours of darkness. In the winter, you should allow sleeping 12 hours per day and 12 hours of darkness.
You will need to purchase on the heat lamp (or heat pad), red, or blub bulb to lighting at night. Do not use while light in the leopard geckos cage.
Whether you are living in the city or in the countryside, raising your own chickens today is no longer a difficult task. It also becomes an interesting hobby for many people.
However, de-feathering chickens are always tedious and extremely waste your time if you trying to pluck the feather by manual.
This is why chicken plucker can come to handy. The plucker will help you save much of your time and effort. It also does the job impeccably and easy to clean. But it might not be easy to get the right chicken pucker, which will meet your needs.
In this post, we will introduce Kitchener chicken plucker to you, this product has already been highly appreciated and popular in many markets.
The first thing you should know about this product is it is coming from Kitchener. Kitchener is known as one of the bigger kitchen appliance manufacturers nowadays. This best chicken plucker is a heavy-duty product and made of high-quality stainless steel that prevents it from rust and corrodes.
This product of Kitchener uses 92 soft fingers in a large 20 inches tub. It does not only work effectively on remove kitchen feather but also remove dirt that may stick on the kitchen skin.
At the same time, the tub of this plucker can contain 2-4 kitchens in less than 2 minutes, which means it takes about 15-30 seconds for each chicken. With this speed, Kitchener kitchen plucker is ideal for large-scale farming.
If you have a larger farm, you must be concerned about how portable the plucker is.
Kitchener kitchen plucker also comes with wheels, which will allow you to move it around easily and using even if there is not electric source or electrical wiring nearby
Irrigation becomes one of the most important standards for modern plunker that you should consider after buying. There is a built-in irrigation system in this product. It will help you to remove the feather after de-feathered